Nightshade Family

Nightshade family of vegetables
Box full of Nightshade family of vegetables

Nightshade Family of vegetables include Bell Peppers, Tomatoes, Potatoes and Eggplants. Nightshade vegetables are part of the plant family Solanaceae. Many plants of this family are deadly poisonous like Belladonna. Hence one must not generalize about safety of night shades.

Table of Contents

  1. The night Shade family
  2. Fertilizer requirements
    1. During seeds sowing/new plants raising
      1. For Plant beds
      2. For Pots
    2. During Flowering and fruiting season
  3. Picture gallery Night shade plants
  4. Further reading

The Nightshade family

tomato is a nightshade plant
Tomato is a night shade plant

The related group of plants above the Solanaceae, is the larger plant order Solanales, which includes another large family related to the Solanaceae, the Convolvulaceae, or morning glory and its relatives, and a few smaller families. The Solonales belong under the Asterids, then the Eudicots and the Angiosperms.

Under the Solanaceae are three major subfamilies, the Petunioideae (Petunias and relatives), Solanoideae (Nightshades) and Nicotianoideae (tobacco family).

Fertilizer Requirements for Nightshade family

Bell peppers are members of night shade family
Bell peppers are members of night shade family

Nightshade family of vegetables and plants including Petunia appreciate dosage of balanced fertilizers like 3-3-3 during their growing season. They will appreciate Fertilizers like 4-6-3 during flowering and fruiting season. Following are the easy to remember fertilizer regimes for this family.

Application of 3-3-3

Balanced fertilizer 3-3-3 can be used when you have to raise new plants, i.e at the time of preparing beds for sowing of seeds or while transplanting young plants. It can be also used during the growing season of the plants.

Recommended dosage while preparing Beds

To prepare new gardens, apply 2.5-5 lbs per 100 square feet and thoroughly mix into the top 3” of soil. For new transplants, add ¼ cup per hole, mix into soil and water in well.

Recommended dosage for Pots

For new plantings, add 1/2 cup (approx 30 Grams) per gallon (Approx 5 kg) of soil and mix thoroughly. For established plants, lightly mix 1 tbsp per gallon into the soil surface every other month during the growing season.

Fertilizer for flowering and fruiting season time

Producing flowers and developing them to fruits is a time when plants need more resources then ever, a higher dose of 4-6-3 is likely to give them the nutrients they need. Lightly mix 1 tbsp per gallon into the soil surface every other month during the flowering and fruiting season.

It is not only that NPK will suffice the requirement, but you also need to keep in mind that for a healthy plant you need to give it secondary and micronutrients as well. Hence it is recommended that organic fertilizers must be used as they contain all that the plants need. Ecotika’s fertilizers are all organic and contain secondary and micro nutrients for a healthy plants.

Further Reading on Nightshade family