Plant care Chrysanthemum/Sevanti

Growing, Plant care tips

Chrysanthemum or sevanti
Chrysanthemum or Sevanti

Climate

Tropical and subtropical climatic conditions are ideal. However, the best temperature for growing chrysanthemum is 20-28 Deg C for day and 15-20 Deg C for night. Since Chrysanthemum is a short day plant, planting should be done such that flowering coincides with short day conditions (winter). Under Indian conditions (specially in South India, West India, East India, plains of North India) it is planted during April-May so that it flowers during September – December. 


Soil Type 

Well drained red loamy soil with pH of 6 to 7.

Watering requirements


Irrigation is done twice a week in the first month and subsequently at weekly intervals.

Fertilizing

chrysanthemum special
Chrysanthemum Special, Ideal fertilizer blend for Chrysanthemums. Based on Heritage Indian fertilizer recipe
BUD Neo
BUD Neo is suitable for use with Chrysanthemums and has resulted in good flowering.


Recommended Fertilizer – Chrysanthemum Special, BUD Neo (Most Recommended)

For BUD Neo:

Just place one BUD in one pot of average pot size of 12 inches and water as you would normally do.

BUD usage Instructions

For 5-4-1

Containers: For new plantings, add ¼ cup per gallon of soil and mix thoroughly OR add 5-10 lbs per cubic yard. For established plants, lightly mix 1 tbsp per gallon into the soil surface every other month during the growing season

Flower Beds: To prepare new gardens, apply 2.5-5 lbs per 100 square feet and thoroughly mix into the top 3” of soil. For new transplants, add ¼ cup per hole, mix into soil and water in well. To feed established plants, side dress ¼-½ cup in Fall or early Spring to promote fruiting and flowering during the growing season

Micronutrients: Foliar spray of ZnSO4 0.25% + MgSO4 0.5%.
Biofertilizers: Soil application of2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria per ha at the time of planting. It is to be mixed with 100kg of FYM and applied.

Yellow sevanti flowers
Yellow Sevanti/Chrysanthemum Flowers

Others

Pinching: Done 4 weeks after planting to induce lateral branches.

Pests
Thrips, aphids and leaf eating caterpillars: Spray Acetamiprid @ 0.3 g/l or Indoxacarb @ 1 ml/l

Diseases
Root rot: Soil drenching with Copper oxychloride 2.5 g/lit or Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole @ 0.75 g/litre or Difenoconazole @ 0.5ml/l

Leaf spot: Foliar application of Mancozeb @ 2.5g/l or Azoxystrobin @ 1g/l

Chrysanthemum mosaic disease
1. Cuttings should be obtained from virus – free indexed stocks.
2. Removal and destruction of infected plants.
3. Destruction of the weed host.
4. Spraying Monocrotophos 0.05 per cent controls the vector and reduces the disease.

Quick Facts

  1. The chrysanthemum is one of the “Four Gentlemen” of China (the others being the plum blossom, the orchid, and bamboo). They also represent the four seasons, the orchid for spring, the bamboo for summer, the chrysanthemum for fall, and the plum blossom for winter. The chrysanthemum is said to have been favored by Tao Qian, an influential Chinese poet, and is symbolic of nobility.
  2. The Chrysanthemum was brought to Japan by Buddhist monks in AD 400. Japanese emperors so loved the Chrysanthemum flower that they sat upon Chrysanthemum thrones. Chrysanthemums, kikus in Japanese, were featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan.
  3. Chrysanthemum flowers have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Chrysanthemum tea is very popular and is used as a relaxant. It is also commonly taken to help relieve head congestion and strengthen the lungs.
  4. The “Festival of Happiness” in Japan celebrates the flower.
  5. Acording to feng shui, this flower is believed to bring happiness and laughter to the home.
  6. Chrysanthemum contains a chemical called pyrenthrum, which helps naturally repel most bugs.
  7. Flower can survive 2 weeks in the vase, but leaves die much sooner. Because of that, leaves are often removed from the stem (after cutting of the plant) to ensure longer lifespan.
  8. Flower of chrysanthemum is used in the preparation of tea which has beautiful aroma and several health benefits. It is used to relieve sore throat, fever, headache, dry and itchy eyes and to facilitate digestion of greasy meals.
  9. Boiled leaves and stem of chrysanthemum are used in Chinese cuisine.
  10. According to the study conducted by NASA, chrysanthemum helps reduce pollution of the air.

References:

  1. Tamilnadu Agriculture University, India
  2. http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-chrysanthemums/